Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals, and goods from one location to another. In other words, the action of traffic defined as a particular movement of an organism or thing from point A to point B. Modes of transport include air, land (rail and road), water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field can divide into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations. Transport enables trade between people, which is essential for the development of civilizations.
Transport infrastructure consists of the fixed installations, including roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals and pipelines and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fueling docks and fuel stations) and seaports. Terminals may be used both for the interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance. Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, bicycles, buses, trains, trucks, helicopters, watercraft, spacecraft, and aircraft.
Operations deal with the way the vehicles operated, and the procedures set for this purpose, including financing, legalities, and policies. In the transport industry, operations and ownership of infrastructure can be either public or private, depending on the country and mode. Passenger transport may be open, where operators provide scheduled services or individuals. Freight transport has become focused on containerization, although the bulk carrier used for large volumes of durable items. Transport plays an essential part in economic growth and globalization, but most types cause air pollution and use large amounts of land. While heavily subsidized by governments, proper planning of transport is essential to make traffic flow and restrain urban sprawl.